Metaldehyde Pellets are the most common form of slug poison, They work by infecting the slug through contact and absorption. Once infecting the slug they start damaging a slugs mucus cells causing the slug to produce masses of slime which causes them to dehydrate and die. When using slug pellets make sure you do so with caution ensure they are spread thinly around 10cm apart and only in affected areas.
Ferric Phosphate is the organic alternative to Metaldehyde Pellets, Ferric Phosphate works by damaging the slug's digestive system causing it to stop feeding which leads to slug becoming less mobile and eventually dying.
Wool Slug Pellets are a chemical free form of slug pellets composed of Phosphorous, Nitrogen and Potassium. When added to water the product swells up causing it to form a compost like material which is easy to spread and can cover a large area. When the slugs climb onto the fibres it irritates the slugs feet causing it to seek food elsewhere.
Traps and Deterrents
Slug defence gel works by forming a barrier around plants which you want to protect from slugs & snails. Slug barrier gel is colourless & odourless so once applied it is hard to notice.
Slug traps are a cheap and easy way of reducing slug populations, To use a slug trap simply fill the trap with either beer or brine and simply place the trap 2cm above the surface ideally at the edge of a bed.
Copper Tape can be used as a man made slug barrier to stop slugs crawling onto your garden, Slugs don't like crawling over copper as their slim reacts with the copper causing them to suffer an electric shock. The tape is an cheap and easy to use deterrent which can be adapted to protect potted plants, raised beds and greenhouses from slugs.
Removing Natural Shelters
Removing slug shelters is a easy and cost free way of discouraging slugs from your garden, Slugs are attracted to shelters such as under bricks, garden furniture and large logs so by removing these you help to reduce slug populations in your garden.
Attracting wildlife into your garden is a natural and simple way to help manage your slug problem. There are a range of different species who are predators of slugs and by providing them with a safe comfortable habitat you will not only increase the level of wildlife in your garden but you will also see an improvement in your slug problem.
What's Best For You?
The Conventional Gardener
If you are a conventional gardener who is looking for a quick fix to your slug problem at a low cost then slug pellets are the way forward. Slug gel can be used alongside slug pellets to ensure control is as effective as possible.
The Organic Gardener
If you are an organic gardener who is against the use of chemicals in your garden then ferric phosphate or wool pellets are the way forward. Copper tape and traps can be used alongside organic pellets to assist with slug control in your garden,