4-5ft Juglans Regia | Common Walnut Seedling | 9L Pot
5ft Juglans Regia | Common Walnut Seedling | 9L Pot
Walnut trees make a magnificent feature for the larger garden and are a traditional staple of the English countryside. Unripe nuts are fantastic for pickling and for the more adventurous you can grind the hard shells of ripe nuts and use as a stuffing in the traditional Italian pasta dish 'Agnolotti' It is often said that Walnut trees will inhibit the growth of other plants in the garden so care should be taken as they release juglone (a kind of poison that inhibits plant growth) from their roots and also from their leaves. The rule of thumb is avoid planting anything under or within a few feet of the canopy or eventual canopy of the tree (the roots underneath can be estimated to spread as far as the tree on top) and make sure you clear up and burn the fallen leaves - certainly don't compost them!
Q:Does Height Really Matter?
A: Not As Much As You Might Think...
One stand out specification that customers often use to judge the value of a tree is the height. So should height directly correlate with the price of a tree? No, not necessarily.
To an extent the height of a tree can give you a good indication of its maturity but you must not forget: To grow a productive, well shaped, healthy tree you must prune it back regularly, especially when young.
Our trees often grow up to 2m in the fields before we prune them back and package them ready to send out. This pruning encourages the tree to grow more, stronger branches and ensures there is a good balance between the root size and top growth. This ensures that your tree puts energy into establishing a healthy root base instead of supporting top growth, providing a better foundation for your tree in the future.
So, in summary: Don’t let the extra 10/20cm you may find elsewhere sway you. You are likely to be paying extra for the delivery costs and, if you want a healthy tree in the long run, you’re going to have to chop it off anyway!
Fruit trees are generally budded or grafted onto a rootstock by the nursery, this means the roots of the tree are a different plant to the trunk, branches and fruit. Effectively sticking two plants together, one that has good roots and one that has good fruit, ensures that you get what you pay for. Plants raised from seed will vary from the parent plants and there will be a wide variation in the size or shape of a tree and the quality and quantity of fruit it produces. Another result of budding and grafting a variety onto selected rootstocks is the ability to control the size of the tree to a certain degree. However, the size that a fruit tree ultimately grows to is dependent on a number of factors:
- The fruit variety ( i.e. Apple Braeburn)
- How it’s pruned
- Soil type
- Its rootstock
Where you grow your fruit tree and the soil it is growing in also impacts on its ability to grow and thus eventual size. Most fruit trees need a good amount of sunshine to grow well and for the fruit to ripen with high sugar content. Trees growing in cold, open spots will grow slower than those that are protected and warm. The same is true for the soil, with trees growing in light sandy soils generally growing more slowly and not reaching such a large size as those in rich fertile soils which will be more vigorous and taller growing.
- Pollination: pollination group 5, self-fertilising
Each fruiting tree has ideal pollination partners. These are divided into groups and are numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6, according to flowering time. Best results will be obtained if variety is planted near another tree of the same group, or from a group on either side (so an ideal pollination partner for group 3 would be one in group 2, 3 or 4). The major cause of poor pollination is bad weather in blossom time, limiting the activity of insects.
Water young trees regularly until roots are well established. Trim annually from mid to late summer. Apply some fertilizer in spring in order to promote healthy growth and a good crop. Optionally, mulch in spring. Check tree ties regularly and loosen any if necessary to avoid rubbing of the stems.
- Soil Requirements: Almost all normal garden soil with pH 6.5 - 7.5
- Moisture: Moist/ well-drained
- Planting Distance: 5m
Before planting your tree, clean up all wandering weeds and keep a clean ring around the tree base. Dig a hole approximately a third wider than the root ball. Carefully yet firmly backfill the remaining soil around the root ball and water well during the first year until well established.
Autumn is the best season for planting fruiting trees, as the soil moisture and heat allow easier and faster root establishment and regeneration of damaged root systems.
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