Prunus 'Czar' | Plum Tree
'Czar' is one of the most popular traditional and trusted dessert plum tree varieties with regular, medium to large sized purple fruits, round in shape and with an acidic taste. The fruits darken and acquire a sweet taste as they ripen. Heavy, regular crops of delicious plums are ready for harvesting in July, but the fruits can be left to fully ripe for much sweeter taste. They make fantastic jams and preserves, and taste equally as good when eaten straight from the tree. 'Czar' has been awarded the Award of Garden Merit given by the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS), which helps gardeners make informed choices about plants.
- Supplied As: Bare Root
- Height on Arrival: 1.5m (5ft)
- Age: 2 Years with 4 Year Rootstock
- Rootstock: St. Julien A
- Eventual Height & Spread: 4m x 4m (13 x 13ft)
Fruit trees are generally budded or grafted onto a rootstock by their nursery, which means their roots are of a different plant to that of their trunk, branches, and fruit. Rootstocks (amongst other environmental factors) will determine the eventual size of your tree.
Dwarfing rootstocks produce smaller trees than the one grown on its own roots. Some rootstocks have a greater dwarfing effect than others, with Pixy/VVA-1 producing the smallest tree. While having a smaller tree may sound like a negative, it is actually highly beneficial! Dwarfing trees will crop earlier in their lives; placing more energy into their fruiting instead of vegetative growth. Nonetheless, some dwarfing rootstocks, such as Pixy and VVA-1, need permanent staking to make sure that they aren't uprooted by strong winds.
- Rootstock (Eventual Height): VVA-1 (2.5-3m) / St. Julien A (3.5-4m)
- Supplied As Title: Bare Root VVA-1 Frank P. Matthews-Supplied Tree / 12L Pot VVA-1 Frank P. Matthews-Supplied Tree / Bare Root St. Julien A Primrose-Supplied Tree / Bare Root St. Julien A Frank P. Matthews-Supplied Tree / 9L Pot St. Julien A Primrose-Supplied Tree / 12L Pot St. Julien A Frank P. Matthews-Supplied Tree
Your fruit tree will only produce fruit if their flowers have been pollinated. This is usually done by pollinating insects, which will transfer pollen from one flower to another. Honeybees, the main pollinating insect, will travel several miles in search of blossom. So if there exists another plum tree within that radius it will most likely bear fruit.
Some plum trees are self-fertile, while others need a pollination partner from the same or neighbouring pollination group. Although self-fertile varieties form fruit without the help of a pollination partner, a pollination partner will still greaten their yields. Please note, Japanese plum trees can't pollinate regular plum trees as they belong to a different species.
- Pollination: 3
- Self-Fertile: Yes
- Harvesting Period
- Estimated Time to Cropping: 2 Years
- Estimated Time to Best Yields: 5 years
- Uses: Eating Fresh, Cooking
We have developed an eco friendly polypot that is currently in use across our 9 litre range. This polypot has less than 20% of the plastic used by a regular pot, and is importantly recyclable. Polypots also prevent root spiraling, encouraging a healthier root system.
All trees arrive in an extra thick cardboard box with a clamp to hold their pot in place. This prevents them from moving around on their journey.
Nursery staff will wrap the roots of our bare root trees and use compost to keep them moist during transportation. This extra protection prevents them from drying out, allowing for a flying start. We also use the same specialised box that our potted trees have to keep them nice and secure as they make their way to your home.
Bare root and containerised trees have differing planting requirements, detailed below:
- Watering: Bare root trees should have their roots soaked in water for up to 2 hours before planting, while with containerised trees, it is important to drench their root ball before planting.
- Pruning: Another difference is that for bare root trees, it is useful to prune their woody roots back a few inches. However, for containerised trees, you should free any spiralized roots growing around their rootball's circumference.
- Planting: With bare root trees, you should dig a hole to enable the graft point to be above the soil, while with containerised trees, the pot should sit no lower than an inch below the ground.
Bare root and containerised trees also share planting requirements, detailed below:
- Hardiness: Plum trees are well accustomed to colder regions, so the UK’s mild winters will not risk damage.
- Position: In the UK, the greatest barrier to successful fruiting is lack of sunlight, so be sure to plant your plum tree in full sun. Choosing a sheltered location will help prevent uprooting and allow it to leverage more resources into fruiting.
- Soil: Soil types can be an unwelcome confusion as many plants will adapt to their conditions. Nonetheless, less than ideal conditions will certainly limit your tree’s growth. Waterlogged soils will starve your tree of oxygen, which plays a key role in photosynthesis; causing its roots to rot and creating an optimal environment for disease. Similarly, compressed soils can starve a tree of oxygen and water, so do not compress the soil when planting. Plum trees prefer soils with a pH between 5.5 - 6.5, and a pH beyond this range will reduce its uptake of nutrients.
|Needs Ericaceous Compost?||No|